Florida Insight
Department of Commerce
Data with Meaning

About the Data

Visualizations  |  About the Data


This dashboard allows users to explore the state-level estimates of Florida’s labor demand from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.  Estimates are published for job openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, and separations.  The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well as civilian federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.  The state-level estimates are a recent experimental addition and only available on a one-month delay relative to the national JOLTS estimates.

Methodology Overview 

The JOLTS sample of 21,000 establishments does not directly support the production of sample-based state estimates.  However, state estimates have been produced by combining the available sample with model-based estimates.  These estimating models depend on JOLTS microdata including sample weights and adjustments for non-response, Current Employment Statistics (CES) employment data, monthly employment changes in Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) microdata.

State estimates are aggregated up from estimates for state-supersector cells, the estimating method for which is determined by sample size: cells with over 30 respondents use microdata estimates; those under 5 respondents use regional model-based estimates; and those between 5-30 respondents use a composite of both methods, with the microdata estimate weighted proportionally to the number of respondents in the cell.

For additional details, including benchmarking, historical revision, and seasonal adjustment information, see the Technical Note from BLS.


Job Openings

Openings include all positions that are open on the last business day of the reference month.

A job is open only if it meets all three of these conditions:

  • A specific position exists and there is work available for that position.
  • The job could start within 30 days.
  • The employer is actively recruiting workers from outside the establishment to fill the position.

Openings Rate

The number of job openings divided by the sum of employment and job openings, multiplied by 100.


Hires include all additions to the payroll during the entire reference month, including those recalled following a layoff (formal suspension from pay status) lasting more than 7 days.  Transfers or promotions within the reporting location are excluded.

Hires Rate

The number of hires divided by employment, multiplied by 100.


Total Separations include all separations from the payroll during the entire reference month and is reported by type of separation: quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations.

  • Quits include employees who left voluntarily, with the exception of retirements or transfers to other locations.
  • Layoffs and discharges includes all involuntary separations initiated by the employer.
  • Other separations could include retirements, transfers to other locations, separations due to employee disability, and deaths. (This component is not published for states due to high error).

Separations Rate

The number of separations divided by employment, multiplied by 100.  (The quits rate and the layoffs and discharges rate are computed similarly.)